HAMPIR ATAU MASIH JAUH - ANALISA PERI KEHIDUPAN PEMILIK KEBUN PADA DESA KAPRUS; IMPLIKASI KEARIFAN LOKAL DALAM PEMELIHARAAN BABI TERHADAP KETAHANAN PANGAN LOKAL

Marlon Arthur Huwae

Abstract


The livelihood of the farmer at Kaprus-Distrik Kaprus of Regency of Bay Wondama represent a reflection about the degradation of society ability to become the food producer in order to maintain the local food security. With the asset mapping in social capital, natural capital, financial capital, physical capital, and human capital and livelihood strategy analysis, it is found that the downfall of the livelihood of the farmers at Kaprus is related to the internal factor and external factor. The internal factor is associated with the wisdom of local community in breeding the pig and diferentiating the domestic pig from the wild hog and is also related to inequitable local institution in solving the conflict between the farmer and the pig breeder whose pigs destroys the farmland. In contrast, the external factor is realted to the fact that subsidised rice program or cheap rice have significantly eroded the community bind with their nature and they leave their subsistence and their tradition in farming. From this study, writer haves a notion that food insecurity will happen in the future if government do not bring an action and prevention in the effort to improve local community food security and support the diversity of local food sources.

Keywords


Sustainable Livelihood Analysis; The Local Wisdom inrearing the pig; Local Community Food Security

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References


DFID, 2009, Sustainable Livelihood Guidance Sheets, DFID, London.

FAO, 2009, Livelihood Assets, FHO, Johanesburg, Afrika Selatan.

Saragih, S, Lassa J & Ramli, A. 2007,Kerangka Penghidupan Berkelanjutan, Hivos, Aceh, Indonesia.

Cohen, B. 2002, Community Food Security Assessment Toolkit,Economic Research Service, Missisipi.


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